TABLE OF CONTENT

For example:

If an individual is buying securities on margin, they have to pay the interest expenses on purchased funds similarly, if an investor selling stock is primarily responsible for making dividend payments to the buyer.

This can come in the form of interest payments on margin accounts, overnight funding charges, or interest on loans used to make an investment or other storage costs of holding a physical asset.

In the derivatives market, the cost of carry is termed an essential factor that is taken into consideration when generating values associated with a future price of an asset.

Each of these markets acquires different forms of cost of carry. For example:

In forex markets, the transactions might be subject to fees in the changes of an interest rate and overnight funding charges.

Commodities might incur the cost of carry charges for the storage, transport and insurance of the asset, assuming that a trader takes possession of the commodities on which they have a position.

Derivatives such as CFDs provoke the cost of carry as overnight funding fees.

The cost of carry is calculated as Futures price = Spot price + cost of carry or cost of carry = Futures price – spot price.

**Understanding Cost of Carry**

Cost of carry can turn to be an essential factor in multiple areas of the financial market. Thus, the cost of carry will depend on the cost associated with holding a specific position.

Cost of carry can be vague across several markets, which can adversely affect trading demand and may also create fewer opportunities.

**Cost of Carry Futures Calculation**

Cost of carry is a major component of the calculation for the future price notated in the derivative markets for forwards and futures.

The cost of carry linked with a physical commodity involves expenses of all the cost of storage expenses an investor forgoes over time, including many things like insurance or cost of physical inventory storage.

Each individual investor has their own carry cost that attracts their willingness to purchase in the future markets at multiple and different price levels.

The future market price also considers convenience yield, which is a major benefit of actually holding the commodity.

**F = Se ^ ((r + s - c) x t)**

**F = the future price of the commodity****S = the spot price of the commodity****e = ‘base e’, a mathematical constant approximated to 2.718****r = the risk-free interest rate****s = the storage cost (as a percentage of the spot price)****c = the convenience yield****t = the time to delivery of the contract (as a fraction of one year)**

The symbols mean the following:

A massive increase in cost of carry will indicate the longer or bullish positions for a rising Open interest. In contrast, a drastic fall in the cost of carry indicates short status or bearishness.

Likewise, if an investor sees a fall in open interest accompanied by rising costs of carry it will indicate that traders are closing short positions.

If an investor sees a fall in open interest accompanied by a fall in the cost of carry it will indicate that traders are closing long positions.

Several analysts have also observed changes in the cost of carry at the expiry of the derivatives contract. They also say that if a vast number of positions are rolled over with a higher cost of carry, it clearly indicates bullishness.

**What Is the Cost Of Carry?****Which Markets Are Impacted by the Cost of Carry?****How is Cost of Carry Calculated?****How Does Cost of Carry Affect Net Return?****Can cost of carry turn out be an essential factor in financial markets?**

Cost of Carry (COC) is the direct cost paid by an investor to maintain a security position.

There are two main markets called forex and commodities which are most affected by the cost of carry. However, other financial products such as derivatives are affected too by the cost of carry.

The cost of carry is calculated as Futures price = Spot price + cost of carry or cost of carry = Futures price – spot price.

Yes, cost of carry can turn to be an essential factor in multiple areas of the financial market. Thus, a cost of carry will depend on the cost associated with holding a specific position.