For many individuals living in this colorful world, for them, Black and white are two ends of the same paradigm, with black conveying all that is wrong and white standing for all that is pure and correct. But when you come out of the imaginary world, “only” Black or white life is impossible. Thus, at some point, we adopt a middle path, the grey.
Similarly, even the stock market has more colors like black, white, green and red and even grey. But, in this scenario, the meaning is quite different. Let’s dig in deep and understand the grey market terms, its working and more.
Grey Market IPO is an unofficial market where individuals buy/sell IPO shares or applications before they are officially launched for trading on the stock exchange. As it is an unofficial over-the-counter market, there are no regulations around it. All transactions are done in cash on a personal basis. Any 3rd party firms like SEBI, Stock Exchange or Brokers are not involved or back this transaction.
Grey market trading is done among the small set of people as there is no official platform or rules defined for these trading. Two popular terms used in the IPO grey market are ‘Grey Market Premium' and ‘ Kostak'.
Grey market premium (GPM) is a premium amount at which grey market IPO shares are traded before they get listed in the stock exchange. In simple words, the stock of the company that came up with the IPO bought and sold outside the stock market. .
The GPM reflects how the IPO might react on a listing day. For instance, if the company introduces an IPO or Rs.100 and the grey market premium is around Rs.20 then we can assume the IPO to list around 120 rupees on listing day. There is no reliability but in most cases, the GMP works properly and IPO list around the given price.
The Kostak rate is the amount where the individual pays for the IPO application before the IPO listing. One can buy and sell their full IPO application on Kostak rates outside the market and fix their profit. The Kostak rates apply in every condition you get the allotment. For instance, if one did 5 applications for one IPO and sold the same at Rs.2500 per application it means that the individual secured the IPO profit at Rs 12500. However, if he gets the allotment in 2 applications still his profit will be the same. Further, if he/she sells the stock which he earned and gets the profit around 25000 then he or she needs to give the remaining profit to the guy who bought the application.
The grey market is an unofficial market, whereas the IPO market is an official recognized medium of raising funds in the market under SEBI regulation. The IPO market and the IPO grey market do not have any official connection.
In the grey market, there are 2 ways to earn income. The first method is you can buy/sell the IPO shares in the grey market before they are listed on the stock exchange. The second method is you can sell your IPO application at a certain price.
Let’s discuss both ways individually.
Trading IPO Shares in the Grey Market:
Trading IPO Applications in the Grey Market:
Yes, the seller has to pay short term capital gain on the actual profit he made by selling the shares in the stock market.
As the grey market doesn’t have any regulatory authority, individuals can choose their own buyers/sellers on a personal basis.
Similar to stock prices, Grey market price for an IPO is decided by the demand and supply numbers. If the subscription for a particular IPO is less than the stated shares, the grey market price will be lower and higher if its a reverse case.